IMPORTANT VIEWS ABOUT THE BLOCKADE
DRAFT RESOLUTION “NECESSITY OF ENDING THE ECONOMIC, COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL BLOCKADE IMPOSED BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AGAINST CUBA”.
- For the twentieth consecutive occasion, on Tuesday, October 25th, Cuba will submit to the consideration of the UN General Assembly the draft resolution entitled “Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States of America against Cuba”.
- Last year, 187 member states voted in favor of this resolution, which is an irrefutable proof that the battle for the lifting of the blockade has the recognition and support of the vast majority of the international community.
- The economic, commercial and financial blockade againstCubaremains in place and is further intensified despite the repeated and almost unanimous demand by the international community, particularly the United Nations General Assembly, for its elimination.
- The measures taken by President Obama on the travel and remittances by Cuban émigrés do not change the complex framework of laws, regulations and provisions of the blockade policy againstCuba. Besides, US citizens are still prohibited from travelling toCuba, save very few exceptions and through very strict regulations.
- As a result of the strict and fierce enforcement of these laws and other normative provisions,Cubacontinues to be unable to: freely export or import goods and services to or from theUnited States, use the US dollar in its international financial transactions, have bank accounts, in US dollars, in banks from third countries.
- The extra-territorial application of the blockade has been extraordinarily reinforced, as proven by the strengthening of the sanctions and persecution against third countries’ citizens, institutions and companies that establish or intend to establish economic, commercial, financial or scientific and technical relations withCuba. Thus, theUSgovernment abrogates the right to decide on matters that are relative to the sovereignty of other States.
- The effects of the blockade’s extraterritorial nature have particularly impacted on the monetary and financial sphere. In fact, the increased persecution ofCuba’s international financial transactions, included those coming from multilateral organizations for the cooperation with the island, has been one of the distinctive features in the implementation of the blockade policy under the currentUSadministration.
- Also,Cubacontinues to be unable to have access to bank credits from banks in theUnited States, their subsidiaries in third countries and from international institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Inter-American Development Bank.
- No blockade has ever been as far-reaching and brutal against a people as the one being implemented by theUnited Statesagainst the Cuban population for half a century. Due to its cruelty and impact, this policy may be defined as an act of genocide by virtue of item C of Article II of the 1948 Geneva Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
- Despite the official rhetoric pretending to convince the international public opinion that the currentUSgovernment has introduced a policy of positive changes,Cubacontinues to be unable to trade with US companies in third countries. Likewise, entrepreneurs from third nations who are interested in investing inCubaare systematically threatened and included on black lists.
- From March 2010 to April 2011, there were significant multi-million fines imposed to US and foreign banking institutions for engaging in operations connected in one way or the other with our country. These kinds of sanctions have a dissuasive effect and, in the case of banks in particular, entail breaking relations withCubaand/or forcing Cuban transactions to be made under more precarious conditions.
- The leaders of the most radical anti-Cuban groups in control of the US House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs try to revert the flexibility measures on travel and the sending of remittances by citizens of Cuban-origin adopted by the government of President Obama, which would reinstate the policy in this matter to the restrictions imposed by former President Bush.
- The blockade violates the International Law and is against the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. It is a transgression to the right of a sovereign State to peace, development and security and, in its essence and objectives, an act of unilateral aggression and a permanent threat against the stability of a country.
- The blockade is a massive, flagrant and systematic violation of the human rights of a whole people. It infringes on the constitutional rights of theUSpeople by violating its freedom to travel toCuba. Given its extraterritorial nature, it violates the sovereign rights of many other States.
- The direct economic damage to the Cuban people by the implementation of the economic, commercial and financial blockade of the United States against Cuba until December 2010 based on the current prices and calculated in a very conservative way, amount to over 104 thousand million dollars.
- Taking into consideration the depreciation of the US dollar against the price of gold in the international financial market, which has been extremely high during 2010 and maintained an increasing trend, the damages cost to the Cuban economy would exceed 975 thousand million dollars.
- The blockade continues to be an absurd, illegal and morally unsustained policy that has not succeeded and will never succeed in fulfilling the purpose of breaking the political will of the Cuban people to preserve its sovereignty, independence and right to self-determination. However, it causes shortages and needless suffering to the Cuban population, limits and restrains the development of the country and seriously damages the Cuban economy. It is the main hindrance toCuba’s economic and social development.
- The President of theUnited Stateshas sufficient prerogatives to significantly modify the blockade againstCuba, even without the intervention of Congress.
- The blockade is a unilateral and immoral policy which is rejected both within theUnited Statesand by the international community. The United States must lift it immediately and unconditionally.
- Cuba kindly requests all governments committed to the norms of the multilateral trading system, to the freedom of trade and navigation and to the rejection of the extraterritorial application of a national law, to vote on Tuesday, October 25th, in favor of the draft resolution at the United Nations General Assembly, which demands the lifting of the Blockade.